Psychodynamic Techniques: Working with Emotion in the Therapeutic Relationship

  • Maroda, K. (2010). New York: Guilford.

​The book discusses how to become more attuned to one’s own experience of a client; offer direct feedback and self-disclosure in the service of treatment goals; and manage intense feelings and conflict in the relationship. Specific techniques are illustrated with vivid case examples. Maroda clearly distinguishes between therapeutic and nontherapeutic ways to work with emotion in this candid and instructive guide.

“Maroda’s proven skill at highly instructive use of courageous self-disclosure is superbly displayed in this revealing work on that rarest of topics: specific elucidation of technique in dynamic therapy. Full of practical advice and illuminating case material, this book is a godsend for therapists.”

— Thomas G. Gutheil, MD, Department of Psychiatry, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School

Seduction, Surrender and Transformation: Emotional Engagement in the Analytic Process

  • Maroda, K. (1999). Hinsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

Seduction, Surrender, and Transformation demonstrates how interpersonal psychoanalysis obliges analysts to engage their patients with genuine emotional responsiveness, so that not only the patient but the analyst too is open to ongoing transformation through the analytic experience. In so doing, the analyst moves from the position of an “interpreting observer” to that of an “active participant and facilitator” whose effective communications enable the patient to acquire basic self-trust along with self-knowledge.

“Seduction, Surrender, and Transformation provides the best in-depth comparison of one-person and two-person psychologies and the single best presentation of the technical interventions necessary to effect the emotional engagement at the heart of the two-person model that i know. While respectful of classical analysis, maroda is persuasive in her insistence that therapeutic change depends on the emotional experience of analysis, which dictates ‘mutative interventions’ in place of ‘mutative interpretations.’ Of special note are her delineation of ‘responsible techniques’ for facilitating the patient’s affective experience and her very shrewd analysis of the changing conceptions of power and authority within the analytic dyad.”

– Ethel Spector Person, M.D., Author, By Force of Fantasy: How We Make Our Lives

The Power of Countertransference: Innovations in Analytic

  • Maroda, K. (1991). Original publication of The Power of Countertransference: Innovations in Analytic Technique , Chichester, UK: Wiley. Paperback, (1995), Northvale, NJ: Aronson. Second edition, (2005) Hinsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

A signpost of the relational turn in contemporary psychoanalysis, Karen Maroda’s The Power of Countertransference, published in 1991, is perhaps the first systematic effort to integrate the need for mutual emotional exchanges, which may include the analyst’s own self-disclosures, into an interactive model of psychoanalytic practice. Maroda’s call for emotional honesty and affective self-disclosure had an immediate impact on the field and led Harold Searles to comment, “If we follow the example set by Maroda, we shall be minimally likely to ‘act in’ our emotions in our sessions with our patients. They will benefit greatly as a result; we practitioners shall benefit; and the profession of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic therapy will become healthier and stronger than it is at present.” This revised edition includes a new Foreword by Lewis Aron and an Afterword in which Maroda clarifies her own position and comments on the evolution of psychoanalytic technique since the publication of The Power of Countertransference.

“.. the most comprehensive and lucid explosion of this complex and highly controversial subject available in our literature…It will be of immense value for the clinician who has not yet spent a great many years in the field and who greatly needs reliable guidelines…But even the most experienced clinician needs such guidelines and will and this book richly informative and enlightening…Maroda has introduced enough of boldly original, and clearly lasting valuable ides of her own in this—her first book—so that she herself qualifies as a pioneer in the understanding of the analytic realm.”

Harold F. Searles, Maryland, USA



  • Maroda, K. (2017)  Enactment and Beyond: Facilitating Constructive Conflict in the Therapeutic Relationship. In: Core Competencies in Relational Psychoanalysis: A Guide to Practice Study and Research. Ed. Roy Barsness. New York: Routledge.
  • Maroda, K. (2009). Less is More: An argument for the judicious use of self-disclosure. In, Bloomgarden, A. and; Mennuti, R. (Eds.) Psychotherapist Revealed: Therapists Speak About Self-Disclosure in Psychotherapy. New York: Routledge.
  • Maroda, K. (2005). Show some emotion. In: Relational Analysis: Volume II: Innovation and Expansion.
    (Eds.) Lewis Aron and; Adrienne Harris. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.
  • Maroda, K. (2003) On homoeroticism, erotic countertransference, and the postmodern view of life: A commentary on papers by Rosiello, Tholfsen, and Meyers. In: Psychotherapy With Gay Men and Lesbians: Contemporary Psychodynamic Approaches, (Eds.) Jack Drescher, Ann D’Arcole, and; Erica Schoenberg. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press.
  • Maroda, K. (1998) Sex, lies and psychoanalysis. In, Why I Became A Psychotherapist, (Ed.) Joseph Reppen. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson.


  • Maroda, K. (2007) Ethical considerations of the home office. Psychoanalytic Psychology 24: 173-179.
  • Maroda, K (2005). Is psychoanalysis unteachable? A discussion of Irwin Hirsch’s interview with Edgar Levenson. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 4:725-731.
  • Maroda, K. (2005). Legitimate gratification of the analyst’s needs. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 41: 371-387.
  • Maroda, K. (2004). Sylvia and Ruth. Article based on an interview with Sylvia Plath’s psychiatrist, Ruth Barnhouse. Salon editors named this piece as one of the best articles of 2004.
  • Maroda, K. (2004). A relational perspective on women and power. Psychoanalytic Psychology,21: 428-435..
  • Maroda, K. (2003). Self-disclosure and vulnerability: Countertransference in psychoanalytic treatment and supervision, Psychoanalytic Social Work, 10: 43-52.
  • Maroda, K. (2002). No place to hide: Affectivity, the unconscious, and the development of relational techniques. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 38: 101-120.
  • Maroda, K. (2001). Making it real: The quest for identity in “homosexual women,” Gender & Psychoanalysis, 6: 75-84.
  • Maroda, K. (2000). Reflections on Benjamin Wolstein, personal analysis, and coparticipation. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 36:241-249.
  • Maroda, K. (2000). On homoeroticism, erotic countertransference, and the postmodern view of life: A commentary on papers by Rosiello, Tholfsen, and Meyers. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy, 4: 61-70.
  • Maroda, K. (1999). Creating an intersubjective context for self-disclosure. Smith College Studies in Social Work, 69:474-489.
  • Maroda, K. (1998). Enactment: When the patient’s and analyst’s pasts converge, Psychoanalytic Psychology, 15:517-535.
  • Maroda, K. (1998). Why mutual analysis failed: The case of Ferenczi and RN. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 34:115-132.
  • Maroda, K. (1997). Heterosexual displacements of homosexuality: Clinical implications. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 7(6), 841-857.
  • Maroda, K. (1997). On the reluctance to sanction self disclosure. Commentary on Kenneth A. Frank’s paper. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 7(3), 323-326.
  • Maroda, K. (1995). Projective identification and countertransference interventions: Since feeling is first. Psychoanalytic Review, 82(2): 229-247.
  • Maroda, K. (1991). Saint or sadist: who is the self-righteous patient?, The Psychotherapy Patient, 7,125-135.
  • Maroda, K. (1987). The fate of the narcissistic personality: Lost in time. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 4:279-290.


  • Maroda, K. (2014). Thinking about thinking: Is psychoanalysis about changing your mind or changing your life. A review of Creating a Psychoanalytic Mind: A Psychoanalytic Method and Theory by Fred Busch. PsycCritiques, Vol 59(31)
  • Maroda, K. (2014). Straight talk for gays and lesbians. A review of the video, Emotionally Focused Therapy With Same-Sex Couples presented by Sue Johnson. PsycCritiques, Vol. 59(46).
  • Maroda, K. (2012). The career of John Bowlby: A case study in attachment. A review of the book, John Bowlby—From Psychoanalysis to Ethology: Unraveling the Roots of Attachment Theory by Frank C. P. van der Hors. PsycCritiques, Vol. 57(17).
  • Maroda, K. (2011). A call for integration and compassion from across the pond. A review of the book, Integrative therapy: 100 key points and techniques by Maria Gilbert and Vanja Orlans, PsycCritiques, Vol 56 (33).
  • Maroda, K. (2010). Review of “Psychoanalysis at the Margins.” Psychologist-Psychoanalyst, Vol. 30: 9-10.
  • Maroda, K. (2010). A book review essay of “A dream of undying fame: How Freud betrayed his mentor and invented psychoanalysis” and “Sigmund Freud and the history of Anna O: Reopening a closed case.” American Imago, Vol 67: 677-686.
  • Maroda, K. (2008). A review of “Coasting in the countertransference: Conflicts of self interest between analyst and patient” by Irwin Hirsch. Psychologist-Psychoanalyst, Vol 28: 60-62.
  • Maroda, K. (2008). The elephant does not feel the bird under its feet. A review of Sexual boundary violations: Therapeutic, supervisory, and academic contexts by Andrea Celenza. PsycCritiques, Vol 53.
  • Maroda, K. (2008) Too much to digest? A review of Comparative-Integrative Psychoanalysis: A Relational Perspective for the Discipline’s Second Century by Brent Willock. PsycCritiques, 53 (4).
  • Maroda, K. (2007). Has psychoanalysis abandoned sexuality? A review of Patterns of Desire: Sexual Diversity in Psychoanalysis by William G. Herron and Rafael Art Javier. PsycCritiques, 52 (10).
  • Maroda, K, (2006) The brain game: Does neuroscience research change the way we practice? A review of Coming Into Mind” The Mind-Brain Relationship by Margaret Wilkinson, PsycCritques, 51 (47).
  • Maroda, K. (2005) New research on the unconscious: Was Freud wrong? A review of The New Unconscious by Ran R. Hassin, James S. Ulleman, And John A. Bargh (Eds.), PsycCritiques, 50(10).


  • More Than Enactment: Therapeutic Action and the Analyst’s Use of Emotion
    Saturday, Oct. 24, 2015, National Institute for Psychotherapies, 250 W. 57th St., Suite 501, New York, NY
  • Are Psychoanalysts Conflict Avoidant? Presentation at the spring meetings of Division 39 of the American Psychological Association, New York, NY, April, 2013
  • How Are Gender Roles Changing in Marriage? How does this affect society and the health of marriage? A presentation for The Milwaukee Forum, BMO Harris Bank, 770 N. Water St., Milwaukee, WI., December 19, 2012
  • The Role of Emotion in Therapeutic Action: Implications for Individual and Group Psychotherapy. Plenary address, Mitchell Hochberg Memorial Public Education Event, American Group Psychotherapy Association annual conference, Wednesday, March 2, Sheraton Hotel and Towers, New York, NY. March 2, 2011
  • Is Neuroscience Necessary for the Future of Psychoanalysis ?”A panel for Division 39 (Psychoanalysis) annual spring meeting, New York City. Paper given by Dr. Maroda was titled: “A New and Improved Psychoanalysis: Using Applied Neuroscience to Better Understand and Facilitate the Analytic Process.” Co-presenters are Dr. Jon Mills and Dr. Arnold Modell. Go to for details. April 14, 2011
  • Does What We Know and Do Matter as Much as What We Feel? Implications of neuroscience research for psychotherapeutic theory and technique. A presentation as part of a conference entitled, “Reaching the Brain/Mind/Body Unconscious: Implicit Communications in Humans and Beyond”.. Other speakers include Allan Schore, Phillip Bromberg, and Pat Ogden. Mt Sinai Hospital, New York, NY ,June 17-18, 2011
  • Interactive psychodynamic techniques. Workshop for the 4th annual meeting on “How does psychotherapy work?” presented by the Northwest Alliance for Psychoanalytic Study, Seattle, WA, June 6, 2009.
  • Video conference on psychoanalytic techniques with the Sydney Chapter of the International Association of Relational Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, Sydney, Australia, May 23, 2009.
  • Less is more: An argument for the judicious use of self-disclosure. Paper given at the Wisconsin Psychological Association convention, April 3, 2009, Madison, WI.
  • Show some emotion: completing the cycle of affective communication. Public lecture given at Mars Hill Graduate School, October 10, 2008, Seattle, WA.
  • Treating borderline personalities: Interactive Psychodynamic techniques. All-day workshop for therapists, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, School of Continuing Education, September 19, 2008.
  • “Expanding the meaning of knowing oneself: Illuminating the role of action in self-understanding and therapeutic change.” Discussant for papers by Paul Wachtel, Ph.D., and Kenneth Frank, Ph.D., presented at the Division 39, APA, annual spring conference, April 12, 2008.